Like other countries, New Zealand needs to prepare for rising seas.
Over many millennia, the Earth’s climate has cycled between ice ages and warm ‘interglacial’ periods. Over the last seven thousand years the climate has been relatively stable, but this is now changing. Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are trapping heat and the climate has begun to respond. One of the major and certain consequences is rising sea level.
Nowhere in our island nation is far from the sea, and most of us live within a few kilometres of the coast. Houses, roads, wastewater systems, and other infrastructure have been built in coastal areas with an understanding of the reach of the tides and the recognition that storms will occasionally combine with high tides to cause flooding.
However, with rising seas, tides, waves and storm surges will reach further inland than before, resulting in more frequent and extensive flooding. Along some coasts, erosion will increase and shorelines will recede. In some areas, the water table will rise.
The task of planning for sea level rise is challenging on many levels. For a start, it is technically complex, and the size and timing of impacts are uncertain. Perhaps the most difficult aspect is the impact on people’s homes, which for many are not just their homes, but also their financial security.
The full report is available for download to the right of this page, along with a set of frequently asked questions. Also available for download are four consultant reports related to the investigation. Scroll to the bottom of the page to view a media briefing given on release of the report.
See the set of regional land elevation maps published for this report